A person who is convicted of a crime will have to deal with the punishments that are handed down in the case. While many people think that the jury will determine the sentence, there are actually only very few situations in which the jurors make the determination. In the vast majority of cases, the judge is the one who makes the sentencing decision.
Judges usually have a variety of options when they determine a sentence. There are guidelines that the judges use to help them to choose what is most appropriate. Typically, criminal statutes will have a specific range of penalties to consider, and there might be multiple types of sentences possible.